Before we start let me just clarify a few ‘interior designer’ words so that we all know what we are talking about!
Hue is just another word for colour. Tint is adding white to a colour (in varying degrees). Tone is adding grey to a colour (again in varying degrees) and Shade is adding black to a colour. The Value is how light or dark a colour is, as mentioned in the title of this post.
Designers think of Value before they think of actual colours, usually on a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is the darkest and 10 the lightest. If you look at a sitting room, for example, think of balancing the items in it, from the sofas, cushions and curtains, down to the walls, ceiling and floors. By giving each item a number on the value scale it is easier to get a balance of light and shade which will work in harmony in the overall scheme.
Cool Colours – these are Greens, Blues and Violets and are sometimes called receding colours as they draw the eye towards the background and Warm Colours – Reds, Oranges and Yellows are sometimes called advancing colours as they draw the eye to the foreground.
This is the first type of scheme you can create and, as the name suggests, is a clever way of using a single colour but within that colour many different tints, tones and shades.